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Different Types of Health Care Professionals

Healthcare, or medical care is the care of people through the diagnosis, treatment, restoration, or recovery of physical or mental health through the prevention, treatment, diagnosis and/or recovery of physical and/or mental disorders in humans. Healthcare is provided by healthcare practitioners in allied healthcare fields. A comprehensive healthcare strategy involves identifying the specific health issues that affect patients, assessing and treating these issues, implementing appropriate interventions, assessing and monitoring the health status of the patients, and maintaining the health status of patients. The healthcare services provided by healthcare professionals must meet the standards and requirements set by legislation, regulatory bodies, and professional bodies. The following describes the basic services offered by healthcare professionals:

Healthcare planning and management include planning and organizing healthcare for patients. This service includes planning, coordinating, funding, administering, staffing and scheduling healthcare services. Healthcare administrators oversee and coordinate the organization of patient's services in accordance with the wishes of the patients and the provider's rules, regulations, policies and guidelines. Healthcare administrators help patients achieve and maintain their optimum health by providing patients with access to healthcare services that support individual goals and objectives.

Healthcare practitioners assist patients with issues related to health that are beyond their capacity to manage and control. Healthcare providers can also refer patients to qualified healthcare professionals who can provide additional specialized services such as diet and nutrition counseling, mental health services, prescription medications, laboratory services, medical equipment, and therapeutic care. A skilled healthcare provider's primary responsibility is to evaluate a patient's health needs and recommend the right type of treatment.

A primary care physician (PCP) is a licensed medical practitioner who is responsible for providing care and consultation to patients suffering from different types of diseases and injuries related to their patient's health status. A primary care physician can diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries in patients by consulting the patient's family physician, prescribing medications for specific illnesses and injuries, conducting tests and examinations, prescribing imaging tests and examinations, conducting physical exams, and prescribing oral medicines. A primary care physician is also responsible for educating and prescribing patients to prevent or treat the diseases and injuries they are already aware of. It is their responsibility to notify patients about new findings of their medical conditions and the changes in their medications, which may require a change of dosage or use.

The primary care practitioner is the first point of contact for patients with healthcare providers and health services. He/she should make contact with a patient to discuss any questions, concerns, or problems that the patient may have regarding his/her health. The primary care practitioner is the one responsible for communicating to the patient's health care provider if a patient becomes ill or injured. The primary care practitioner is also the person who, if needed, will refer a patient to the appropriate specialist to answer questions regarding their particular health problems.

Physical Therapy is an important component of healthcare. The purpose of physical therapy is to restore function to a patient that has been affected by accidents or illnesses. It aims to reduce or eliminate pain and discomfort by using specialised exercises and devices designed to increase strength, range of motion, flexibility, balance and range of motion and improve mobility. There are four main types of physical therapy; rehabilitation, chiropractic, exercise, rehabilitative, physiotherapy and sports and recreational.

Medical Assistants offer patients assistance to aid them in fulfilling their healthcare requirements. These types of assistance are provided by providing services such as administering medication and assisting the patient with movements and tasks and aiding with daily activities. These assistants also perform simple tasks such as preparing the patient for meals, cleaning and dressing the patient and assisting with bathing and hygiene.

Patient education programs can include providing education regarding disease prevention and management, and educating patients on how to communicate with their healthcare providers. Healthcare workers also develop training programs and provide training for patients about their healthcare responsibilities and medical history. These programs can be presented at hospitals, home care agencies, private practices, clinics and community colleges. It is necessary for healthcare workers to have some type of certification in order to be certified by national healthcare organizations such as the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) and the Healthcare Information Institute (HII).

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